Compilation on MacOS X
OpenFst version 1.4
Version 1.4 requires MacOS X 10.8 or later and Xcode 5. No special instructions needed.
OpenFst versions 1.0 to 1.3.4
This only applies to Tiger and Leopard. On Snow Leopard (10.6), you simply need to use the latest version of Xcode (3.2.3) that ships with gcc 4.2.
Versions 1.0 and later of the OpenFst library cannot be compiled on MacOS X (10.4 Tiger or 10.5 Leopard)
using Apple Xcode version of gcc. The reason is that Apple uses gcc 4.0 and this version of gcc has a bug in the copy constructor of TR1's
. This bug was fixed almost 4 years ago
We suggest here two different workarounds: 1) using a more recent version of gcc (such as the one provided by Fink
) or 2) manually patching the relevant include file in Apple's gcc setup.
Using gcc 4.2 from Fink on Leopard
If you have installed the Fink
package manager on your mac, you can use it to install a working version of gcc 4.2.
- Make sure you use the lastest version of Fink (0.9.0) and that
/sw/bin was added to your
PATH environment variable.
- Install the gcc42 package
$ sudo apt-get install gcc42
- Compile the OpenFst library using this version of
g++ instead of Apple's. In the
openfst-1.0 directory, do:
$ CXX=/sw/bin/g++-4 ./configure
$ make -j 4
$ make check
does not provide pre-compiled versions of gcc for MacOS X 10.4 Tiger but you can install one from source (see Fink's website
for more details). An other approach would be to install a working version of gcc using MacPorts
Patching Apple's gcc 4.0 relevant include file
You can also manually change the buggy include file in Apple's setup.
- Download the patched version of
tr1/hashtable here .
This file has been updated to fix an other bug preventing compilation of OpenFst 1.2 and above.
The following assumes that the file was saved to
~/Downloads/hashtable, replace that by the actual file location (note that your browser might have rename
- (Optional) Check how minimal the change is:
$ diff ~/Downloads/hashtable /usr/include/c++/4.0.0/tr1/hashtable
- Overwrite Apple's version with the patched version and restore file permissions and ownership:
$ sudo cp -f ~/Downloads/hashtable /usr/include/c++/4.0.0/tr1/hashtable
$ sudo chmod 644 /usr/include/c++/4.0.0/tr1/hashtable
$ sudo chown root:wheel /usr/include/c++/4.0.0/tr1/hashtable
- 03 Mar 2009